10 Interesting Facts About Daylight Savings Time

Posted by Southwest Beverages on 3/4/2015

While the weather for most of the United States still dictates winter the calendar dictates it’s the second Sunday in March and therefore it’s time to “spring ahead” to Daylight Savings Time. Daylight savings time, that first glimmer of hope that spring is nearing as more daylight becomes available during the evening affording our children more daylight to play outdoors, more daylight hours for us to shop and greater utilization of parks and recreation areas. Benjamin Franklin first thought of daylight savings time as a means for French shopkeepers to save a millions francs a years on candles by extending daylight by just one hour at the end of the day. Over the past 100 years daylight savings time has been adopted by many countries including the United States and many of its states and cities but not without controversy and disagreement among politicians and scholars as to its benefits.

  1. 1. Location to the Equador.

    About 70 countries around the world observe daylight savings time, each setting their own date for implementation. Most of these countries are located north of the Tropic of Cancer and south of the Tropic of Capricorn where hours of sunlight are a function of how and when the earth axis is tilted towards the sun. Countries near the equator do not adjust their clocks for daylight savings time as the sun sets and rises consistently at 6 PM and 6 AM, respectively since the earths axis remains neutral.

    1. 2. First Country to Implement Daylight Savings Time.

      The first country to implement daylight savings time was Germany, when at 11 PM on April 30, 1916 all clocks were reset to midnight. Germany implemented daylight savings time in an effort to save energy as coal was desperately needed to fuel Germany’s efforts during World War I.

      1. 3. United States Implements Daylight Savings Time.

        Following Germany’s lead to conserve energy by adding more daylight to the end of the day, the United States in March 1918 passed the Standard Time Act, which legislated for the observance of daylight savings time nationwide. One year later, WW I ended and Congress repealed daylight savings time because it was a very unpopular concept since people would rise for work in the dark and go to bed in the daylight (most people in the early 1900’s rose earlier and went to bed earlier than people in the 21st century). Congress left the decision to implement daylight savings time up to the individual states. 

        1. 4. US Daylight Savings Time 1919 to 1967

          With the exception of three and a half years between February 1942 and September 1945 when President Roosevelt instituted “wartime” daylight savings time year round, states, and in some cases cities like New York, Chicago and Philadelphia, within states, implemented their own time period for daylight savings time from 1919 to 1967. Needless to say with the hodgepodge of time observances between the states chaos ensued for the transportation industry (train, plane and bus companies) trying to make new schedules to adopt to the various state legislatures ever-changing implementation or repealing of daylight savings laws. The problem became more complicated as the television industry began to grow.  

          1. 5. 1966 Uniform Time Act.

            In the early 1960’s in an effort to stop the confusion between states and cities with differing daylight savings laws, the transportation industry commissioned a “Committee for Time Uniformity” to conduct a nationwide survey as to the benefits and disadvantages of a uniform daylight savings time applied on a consistent basis among the states. The committee presented its findings and recommendations to the Interstate Commerce Commission, which in turn convinced Congress to pass the Uniform Time Act in 1966, but only after discovering that passengers on a 35 mile stretch of highway between Steubenville, OH and Moundsville, WV had to pass though seven time changes.

            1. 6. Current Daylight Savings Time in the United States.

              Since 1966 the Uniform Time Act has been amended twice, most recently in 2005 under the Energy Policy Act which mandates for those states following daylight savings time to “spring forward” one hour on the second Sunday in March at 2 AM and return, or “fall back” to standard time at 2 AM on the first Sunday in November. Two states, however, are exempt from the Uniform Time Act of 1966, as amended, Arizona and Hawaii.

              1. 7. State of Hawaii Exemption from Day Light Savings Time.

                Hawaii has elected to exempt themselves citing that the length of daylight remains more or less the same every day because of the states proximity to the tropics.

                1. 8. State of Arizona Exemption from Day Light Savings Time.

                  The state of Arizona has elected to exempt themselves citing that daylight savings time would have an inverse adverse relationship on its citizens since to adopt daylight savings time would require people to work at the end of the day when the sun is the hottest rather than in the early morning when it is cooler. Accordingly, Arizona remains on Mountain Standard Time for the entire year although many Arizonians believe they actually change their clocks in the summer to Pacific Daylight Time. This is a common misperception among Arizonians since Arizona shares its border with California and Nevada, two of the Pacific Daylight Time states that “spring forward” one hour in the spring, while Arizona remains constant on Mountain Standard Time.

                  1. 9. Navajo and Hopi Nations of Arizona Exemption from Day Light Savings Time.

                    There are two exceptions to daylight savings time in Arizona. The first relates to the Navajo Nation, which for that past of the nation that resides in Arizona has chosen to follow daylight savings time to keep its nation in tact since its nation encompasses New Mexico and Utah, two states that adhere to daylight savings time. The Hopi Nation, whose nation is entirely composed of members within the state of Arizona and within the territory of the Navajo Nation, has chosen to remain uniform to the state of Arizona and does not follow daylight savings time.

                    1. 10. Will daylight savings time continue in the United States?

                      While some advocates of daylight savings time contend that the “extra hour” of sunlight at the end of the end generates sufficient energy savings advocates of eliminating daylight savings time contend the changing back and forth of time changes twice a year causes significant disruption to families and businesses, not to mention the health problems that evolve to individuals from lack of sleep.

                      dry mix beveragesWritten by Bob Jenkins, Founder & Chief Executive Officer of Southwest Beverages®

                      Bob has had the privilege of working for some of America’s largest and well run public and private companies, including Philip Morris, Canada Dry, Dr Pepper, Cadbury Schweppes, Snapple Beverage Corporation, Tasker Capital Corp. and The Water Club and River Cafe – two of New York’s finest fine dining restaurants. He has worked in various capacities as Finance Manager, Controller, Director of Finance, Vice President Finance & Administration, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary, and Treasurer.

                      Bob holds a Masters of Business Administration degree in accounting from the University of Tennessee and a Bachelor of Science degree in accounting from the University of Arizona.

                      Southwest Beverages® is a manufacturer and marketer of two brands of premium quality dry mix beverages: Sippity® hot cocoa mix and Kemosabe® gourmet flavored coffee. All Southwest Beverages® products are uniquely blended flavors that contain all the ingredients necessary for you to enjoy the ultimate hot beverage experience. Simply add water and stir-then sip, savor and enjoy.

                      For more information, please visit www.southwestbeverages.com.

                      Interested in writing a guest blog for Southwest Beverages®? Send your topic idea to [email protected].

                      All data and information provided on this site is for informational purposes only. Southwest Beverages® makes no representations as to accuracy, completeness, current-ness, suitability, or validity of any information on this site and will not be liable for any errors, omissions, or delays in this information, or any losses, injuries, or damages arising from its display or use. All information is provided on an as-is basis.

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